What is mental health?
Mental health is defined as the overall emotional,social , phsycological and mental well being of a person . A mentally healthy person is a person who is able to withstand any pressure and stresses of life and is also very helpful for the society aswell. Mental health problems can be of variety of types and can affect anyone without considering the age,gender or background of a person. There are alot of factors which can lead to mental health problems such as lifestyle,genetics etc. Mental health can affect a persons functioning and productivity aswell. It can also affect a persons’s behaviour to treat other person and thinking of the person. In this article, we will discuss discuss the importance of mental health , awareness and disorders of mental health
Mental health importance :
Mental health is very important for a person becaue it helps the person to function properly and lead a normal life as it clearly strongly affects the thinking capacity of a person. Bad mental health can damage a persons physical health as well as the social status of a person. On the other hand if a person’s mental health is good,it can help the person to stay physically fit and imcreases the productivity of a person.
Mental health awareness:
Mental health awareness means to understand the rasing issue of mental health. Awareness can play an important role in helping to overcome this problem . By raising the awareness related to mental health, the stigma related to this grave problem can be reduced. Due to this the people will not feel reluctant to seek help and talk about their mental issue . World Mental Health day is usually celebrated on 10th of october and it aims to increase awareness regarding mental health issues.
Stigma surrounding mental health:
There are 2 types of stigmas which are associated with mental problems. one is social stigma and the other is self stigma.
Social stigma occurs when the people having mental problems are not treated well by the society and usually, they are labelled to be different and not normal which makes it harder for such people to express them to other people making their problem worse.
Self-stigma refers to the stigma related to one’s own feeling that how people will think about him if he/she expresses their problems.
It is important to overcome the stigma related to mental issues by raising the awareness and encouraging people to have open conversation related to their problems.
Mental health problems:
All the problems which can affect a person’s normal functioning, thinking capacity and mood are termed as mental health problems. Some of the most common occuring mental health problems includes anxiety, depression, mental health and schizophrenia. Numerous factors which are different from one person to another contribute to such issues. Some of the factors which contributes to the mental health problems are genetics, environment and lifestyle.
Mental health disorders:
The types of mental health disorders are
- Anxiety disorder
- Mood disorder
- Psycotic disorder
- Personality disorder
- Eating disorder
Anxiety disorders are a group of medical health conditions in which excessive fear or worry overcomes the person’s normal behaviour and he starts acting strange. Anxiety is of different types depending upon the symptoms, these are generalized anxiety disorder, socia; amxiety disorder,social anxiety disorder and different type of phobias which vary from person to person.
These are the group of mental problems which disrupts the emotions of a person. Disrupted mood prolems includes depression, bipolar disorder and SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder). This disorder can induce feeling of helplessness and sadess in a person .
Psycotic disorders are the category of mental health conditions in which a person’s thoughts are far from reality and the person looses contact with real life. It includes schizophrenia and delusional disorder.
It is a class of health disorders in which person’s mood, thinking capability, behaviour and emotions all becomes inflexible and the person cannot adapt the thinking or behaviour according to the situation. Such a disorder includes diseases such as borderline personality disorder,narcissistic personality disorder and anti social personality disorder.
Abnormal eating habits are often caused by eating disorder. The eating disorder contains a number of diseases such as bulima nervosa, binge eating disorder and most importantly anorexia nervosa.
Symptoms of mental health disorders:
Mental health disorder is a very vast term and thus proper symptoms cannot be given for such a disorder. Different diseases in the disorder have different symptoms and they also change aswell. Some of the common mental health disorders symptoms are :
The symptoms of anxiety includes:
- muscle tension
- Sleep problems
- Difficulty concentrating
- Intrest loss in activities
- Changes in apetite or sleep
- Suicidal thoughts
- Unstable relationships
- Reckless behaviour
- Unclear sense of identity
- Difficulty in regulation of emotions
- Disorganised speech
- Inacbility to do work
Treatment of mental disorders:
In order to cure mental problems and to improve your quality of life than proper treatment is required as it can help the person to lead the normal life. The treatment includes therapy or medication and sometimes even both.
Therapy is very much necessary for the treatment of mental diseases. But it cannot be started without the consultation of the health care professionals. By having a clear and transparent talk with the healthcare professional regarding the mental health can helps the professional to identify and address the issues which are the reasons causing the diseases. The therapies which are available for the treatment includes Cognitive Behavioural Therapy(CBT) Dialectical behavior (DBT).
This form of treatment is also vey effective for treatment of mental disorders by helping to manage the symptoms and improve quality of life of the people suffering from mental disorders. The health care provider can help in providing the best available treatment for people and selects which medication is safe and more effective in a certain conditions. The medication includes are anti-depressants, anti-psychotics and mood stabilizers.
Combination therapy means a combination of medication and therapy both and is the most effective form of treatment. This treatment can help in managing the symptoms of mental disorders more effectively.
Changing the lifestyle of a person can have a very positive effect on keeping a person mentally healthy. The lifestyle changes involve eating a healthy diet, maintaining the sleep schedule, exercising regularly and reducing stress.
Tests for mental health:
In order to diagnose the mental health disorders and problems, mental tests plays a vital role. These tests can also help in identifying the underying cause of the problem and helps in choosing the appropriate treatment options. These tests include psychological tests, neuro-psychological and personality tests.
Personality tests are used to assess the traits of a person, the person’s temperament and behavioral patterns. This test can help not only in identifying the underlying cause that maybe causing the disease but also helps in devising the treatment plan for a person by evaluating his strengths and weaknesses.
The psychological tests are the tests that are used to evaluate that how well a person’s emotionally and mentally. These tests canbe used to assess a person and understand which type of therapy will be better for that person. Bipolar disorder, anxiety and depression are the diseases which can easily be diagnosed using these tests.
To evaluate different aspects of mental health including memory, attention and problem-solving skills the neuropsycological assessment tests are used which can also help in diagnosing different health conditions such as dementia, Alzheimer’s disease and brain injury.
1,What are the most common mental health disorders?
The most common mental disorders include anxiety, mood, personality and eating disorders.
2.What is mental health awareness?
Mental health awareness is an awareness programme which aims to provide information to the public regarding mental problems and increasing the public knowledge in this regard.
3.How can I raise awareness about mental health?
You can raise awareness about mental health by providing information regarding the ssigns and symptoms of mental disorders and promoting self-care.
4. Is world mental health day and depression screening day is same?
The World Mental Health Day is celebrated on 10th of October while depression screening day is celebrated on 7th of October.
5.Are online Mental health tests reliable?
Online mental health tests can help in the diagnosis of the different mental diseases, but they cannot be used in place of the diagnosis or treatment suggested by the health professionals.
Hi, I’m Affan lateef , a pharmacist by profession. I have a degree in pharmacy and over 5 years of experience helping people achieve their health goals. I write about various topics like health, artificial intelligence in health, mental health, diet and weight loss. Follow me here on these platforms given below.